Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Understanding It
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a treatment for psychological problems that seeks to address the thinking or behaviour patterns of a person with a mental health condition.
Dr. AAron T. Beck started Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the 60s which is a branch of mental health counselling.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
CBT is now an internationally accepted mode of treatment for addictions. Through CBT, the patients are shown how to connect their actions to their thoughts and feelings so they can be aware of how these factors are affecting their recovery.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like
- Various forms of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
- Bipolar disorder
- Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Various forms of eating disorders
- PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
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How Cbt Works
Many of the things we do or feel that harm us are not actually rational and CBT can help us to know this. Our environment and experiences in the past may be the cause of these actions and behaviours.
It is the job of counsellors to help recovering addicts identify their negative feelings and actions, which are also known as "automatic thoughts." Automatic thoughts are generally impulsive and often as a result of misconceptions and internal feelings of fear and self-doubt. Trying to suppress the pain inflicted by these experiences people self-medicate with alcohol and drugs.
When persons suffering from addiction realize the reason why they feel or act in a definite way and how these feelings and actions trigger drug use, they are better armed to combat their addictions.
It has also been noticed that making an attempt to visit the painful memories it becomes possible for recovering addicts to reduce the pain which is caused by them. Once they can cope with the issues without freaking out, they are then taught how to cultivate healthy habits in place of the substances they were addicted to.
Treatment For Addiction And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Over Dependency on the drugs is also associated with behaviours such as feeling sad and nervous and this are caused by the bad thoughts.
What this says is dark thoughts have a higher possibility of making a person start abusing substances.
Triggers are situations that can "trigger" cravings within the individual throughout the day and keep many people who could be addicted from improving to remain sober. Based on the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT employs three keys to help those battling addiction resist triggers.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
- The false beliefs and insecurity issues that causes substance abuse can be resolved using CBT.
- Providing the tools needed for self-help to improve their moods.
- Carrying out training on effective communication skills.
Skills For Managing Triggers
- Recognize Triggers In Time
- Know the things that create an urge to use drugs or alcohol.
- Keep Away From Them (Avoid)
- Abstract oneself from trigger situations whenever it's possible.
- Cope With Triggers
- The emotions and thoughts that lead to the abuse of substances can be elevated by using the techniques provided by CBT.
You can practice CBT behaviour techniques anywhere and everywhere. Whether you are at home or in a group, there are many situations that you can use to practice the CBT exercises.
The techniques of CBT are also being used in the SMART programs and other self help groups on addiction.
Cbt Therapy Principles
There are different practices that are used to overcome an addiction using CBT.
CBT methods that are important in treating addiction include
- Though Records
- The patients are encouraged to stop and evaluate their thoughts see if they are worth keeping them or if they are better discarded.
- The participants are supposed to evaluate their thoughts critically to see the downsides it is causing to their lives.
- The objective is to assist them to think in a balanced manner and critically evaluate their thoughts to feel constructive about themselves.
An example is "My supervisor thinks and worthless. I need to have a drink to feel better" turns into "It's ok to make mistakes, and I will learn from them. I will have a chance to prove my worth to my supervisor by rectifying my mistake. I do not need alcohol to get a better feeling of myself.
- Behavioural Experiments
- These exercises are helpful in contrasting negative thoughts with the positive ones to understand which one is better effective for changing behaviour.
- One person may react better when they self-criticize while another will do great when they self-motivated.
- One needs to identify the behaviours that work best with them.
For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.
- Creating Images In Your Mind
- Here, the patients are encouraged to remember something bad that happened before that causes them to feel terrible.
- This will involve assessing all the features such as feelings and the responses they had to that particular feeling.
- The anxiousness caused by certain negative experiences can be lessened by going over these experiences over and over.
Example Painful childhood memories haunt an individual who constantly focuses on them. Everything they went through at that time is clear as day to them. The person will become less inclined to use drugs or alcohol because as they revisit the event more often, the trauma of the event is felt less.
- Pleasant Activity Plan
- Enjoyable activities which can help break up regular routines can be learned by people simply by making a list of the healthy activities because the technique requires them to do so.
- All the activities on the list should be easy to do, simple, and trigger positive emotions.
- Preparing these lovely exercises assists to low negative involuntary feelings and the ensuing desire to drink or abuse drugs.
Example A financial advisor who works a lot, finds fifteen minutes every day to relax at his desk instead of drinking alcohol or using drugs at work. Instead, during this time he enjoys a song from the singer he likes very much.
Difference Between Other Therapies And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
As compared to some therapies which do not offer a set of engaging activities, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy will provide an hands-on alternative.
At CBT sessions, recovering addicts do not just talk, and their therapists do not just listen passively to patients. In its place, addiction victims and therapists work collectively to overcome dependency.
Focused and quick treatment that is based on actions is what Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is all about. Lots of mid length rehabilitation programs that last from 60 to 90 days include CBT techniques to give patients more opportunities to cop? with their problems.
It may takes years to see tangible results with most psychotherapy methods. Just sixteen sessions of CBT is often enough to obtain considerable improvement.
CBT therapy can be adapted to make it effective in outpatient or inpatient programs as well as in counselling sessions for groups or an individual. A lot of rehabilitation facilities and addiction therapists use CBT as a part of their treatment programs.