Why Additional Medication Is Used
The use of other drugs may be needed to ensure the treatment is a success and that withdrawal symptoms are eased. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. A patient can be put on these medications for the relief of withdrawal symptoms either as an in or out patient. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.
Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification
The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This is cleansing or detox. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.
Dealing with withdrawal side effects is frequently the hardest part of detoxification. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. The worst symptoms will be felt by those who have been taking high doses of the drug for a long duration.
The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. Symptoms include
- Feeling Nauseous
- Convulsive attack
- Muscle pain
There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as
- For stress and irritability reduction.
- Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
- The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
- This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
- These medicines help the user to feel good and create natural happiness in their brain.
- People recovering from drug addiction tend to suffer from depression since their brains can't produce dopamine normally.
- Until the brain get's back to producing dopamine on its own, the drug user will require antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft to relieve the feeling of depression.
- Clonidine is prescribed for treating alcohol and opiate-related withdrawal symptoms; it gives relief by reducing the intense perspiring, muscle spasms, body pains and stress.
- Clonidine save you from seizures and shivering.
The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. Complications can arise while detoxing from other drugs although the withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.
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Medicines For Alcohol Addiction
Making wrong use of alcohol on a normal basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, which could last from weeks to months. When withdrawal symptoms last longer than usual, this is referred to as Post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
PAWS can help relieve cravings or make the patient unable to tolerate alcohol. These medicines frequently come as a capsule that patients take every day.
Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
- In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
- In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
- It can be administered by injection every four weeks.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
- Once alcohol detox is complete the patient can begin to take Acamprosate.
- By hindering unhappy thoughts that cause stress and unhappiness, Acamprosate stops the users from wanting to take alcohol.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
- When someone that is taking Disulfiram drinks alcohol, the medicine provokes effects like nausea and vomiting.
- To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.
You can find out more about medication used in treating alcohol addiction.
Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction
Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin are all Opiates. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.
Some people may pass through Heroin and Opiate withdrawal for about a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. Extended replacement medicines can put an end to strong desires and PAWS. Medication can be taken for as long as is required by the patient.
Medicines used to treat Heroin and pain relief addictions include
- Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
- Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
- Methadone helps to suppress cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
- Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
- Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
- Find out more information about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
- Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
- Naltrexone works for both Opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
- It prevents the cravings for use.
- Since alcohol and opiates work on the same brain nerve endings, Naltrexone can stop both the same way.
Detoxing And Rehab
It is possible to detox at home. Compared to medical detoxification, this has not only proven harder but also dangerous. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.
Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.
Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. If patient felt any type of pain the doctor are there for help. Another advantage is that doctors will adjust dosages as the patient response dictates and can advise on long-term treatment schedules.
Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Any sudden complications can be handled by a doctor.
In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. A person typically requires one to three months to go through detox. Constant supervision is given during the first week of detox. Rehabilitation has other treatments like behavioural therapy so the recovery procedure can be more prosperous.
Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 246 1509.